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Psychology

APA Style Manual

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In-Text & Parentetical Citaitons: First and Subsequent Use

APA uses simple past tense verbs in a signal phrase. Use this list to assist in selecting the right verb for your source or to vary verb use.

Table showing the in-text citation formats, two columns showing the use of a signal phrase and two for parenthetical references based on the number and type of author.

Note: This table can be found on page 177 of the APA manual.

Table 6.1, APA Style Manual, in-text citation

Unknown Author When your essay includes parenthetical citations of sources with no author named, use a shortened version of the source's title instead of an author's name. Use quotation marks and italics as appropriate.

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
For example, parenthetical citations of the source above would appear as follows: (Merriam-Webster's, 1993).

Source: American Psychological Association. (2010). Table 6.1 basic citation styles. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Additional Resources...

Identify a doi

Formatting a Paper in APA Citation Style, Word 2013

Content covered includes: margins, font, running head on the first page of your paper, page #'s, title page format, and spacing.

Post CSS. ( 2014, Sept. 24). Setting up the APA title page [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCb9GgDWFxAZHVNxr7_i-gug

Content covered includes: page break to the body of the paper, header on page 2 of your paper, paragraph indentation and spacing in the body of the paper.

Post CSS. ( 2014, Oct. 2). Setting up page 2 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCb9GgDWFxAZHVNxr7_i-gug

Content covered includes: "References" formatting, left and center align, font, double spacing, hanging indentation, and removing hyperlinks in APA

Post CSS. (2014, Dec. 11). Setting up the References page [Video fiile]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCb9GgDWFxAZHVNxr7_i-gug

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Citing Resources in APA Style

sccclibrary. (2012, Dec, 12). APA book citation [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGdSyNdAYL9bimhURJQlu5Q

sccclibrary. (2012, Dec, 12). APA article citation [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGdSyNdAYL9bimhURJQlu5Q

sccclibrary. (2012, Dec, 12). APA web citation [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGdSyNdAYL9bimhURJQlu5Q

sccclibrary. (2012, Dec, 10). Quotintg vs paraphrasing [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGdSyNdAYL9bimhURJQlu5Q

sccclibrary. (2012, Dec, 12). APA in text citations [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGdSyNdAYL9bimhURJQlu5Q

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