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The CRAAP test

Use the CRAAP test to evaluate your electronic resources:

C - currency: timeliness. 

  • Date posted
  • Revisions/updates
  • Functional links

R - relevance: importance.

  • Related to my topic
  • Intended audience
  • Appropriate age level

A - authority: source.

  • Author's credentials
  • Expert on topic
  • Contact information
  • URL (

A - accuracy: reliability, truthfulness and correctness

  • Evidence
  • Reviewed/refereed
  • Verifiable
  • Biased/emotional
  • Spelling, grammar typos

P - purpose: reason for information.

  • Clear intentions
  • Fact/opinion/propaganda
  • Point of view
  • Bias
  • Does this website: inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?