Images: Finding and Citing

General Tips

Images, diagrams and artistic works should be cited as you would cite any other type of work.
You should give as much information as possible about the images that you have used, including these basics:

Creator's name (author, artist, photographer etc.)

Date the work was published or created

Title of the work, in italics

Format of work, in brackets

Place of publication and Publisher, OR

Place the work resides (Name of the institution or museum)

Website address and access date

      In-Text Citation
      (Artist Surname, Year)
      Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format].
            Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

       Reference (No Author)
      Title of work [Type of work]. (Year image was created).
            Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

       Reference  (No Author, No Title, No Date)
      Many images found on the Web fall under this category.
      Try to locate the missing information by clicking on the image,
      and/or looking at the bottom of the image.
             [Subject and type of work]. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

      In-Text Citation:
      (Baumel, 2010)
      References (Basic):
      Baumel, A.  (2010). Cholera treatment center in Haiti [Online image].
             Retrieved October 2, 2010 from
        Reference (No Author)
      Flu epidemic [Online image]. (1919). Retrieved November 6, 2010
       Reference  (No Author, No Title, No Date):
       [Untitled illustration of a sleeping dog ]. Retrieved December 5, 2010
             from http://www.sleepinganimals/
  1. Images in text are also generally accompanied by a caption that includes copyright information and a statement of permission for use. Please check with your instructor to see if this is necessary.
  2. The APA does not require reference list entries for ephemeral works like performance art, because they no longer exist, and therefore you cannot lead the reader back to the source. Videos of such performances should be in the reference list though.

Citing a YouTube Video in APA Style